Ticks in Ontario
Ticks are eight legged parasites that have highly developed mouthparts that pierce through the skin of animals and feed on their blood. Ticks feed on a range of animals, from cats, dogs, horses, squirrels, various birds, to humans as well.
unfed ricks are flat, in a tear drop shape. Adult ticks have 6 legs and an antenna on their head. Depending on the species of tick, life stage, and sex, they can differ in color. After taking in blood, ticks grow and become bloated.
Ticks have not only been increasing in number, but have also expanded across the country in the past five years. this is due to an increase in warmer temperatures and the dispersion of ticks on animal hosts. Because of this expansion, there has also been an increase in cases of disease transmission in many animals.
Most common species of ticks in Canada include:
These ticks carry different transmittable diseases if they bite and feed long enough.
Ticks are most commonly found in the outdoors, specifically in bushes and shrubs, as well as non-wooded areas.
Ticks can be found around the home, such as on the bed, carpets, floors, or sofas. In this case, it is important to take a close examination of your pets' fur and skin.
Transmission time: 24 hours
Tick Species: Deer Tick
Description: infection can lead to discomfort, fever, or more serious signs, such as kidney or heart disease.
Symptoms: leg injuries, unwillingness to move, and fatigue.
Transmission Time: 3 hours
Tick Species: Brown dog tick, lone star tick, and american dog tick.
Description: infection of the blood leads to illness.
Symptoms: fever, weight loss, bleeding disorders, anemia, and immune disorders.
Transmission time: 4 hours
Tick Species: deer tick, and brown dog tick.
Description: infection of the blood leads to changed ion blood compositions.
Symptoms: fever, anemia, and periods of weakness.
Transmission time: 4 hours
Tick species: American dog tick, lone star tick, and brown dog tick.
Description: infection causes severe illness. If left untreated it can cause death.
Symptoms: severe fever, periods of weakness, stiffness, and bleeding disorders.
IDENTIFY AND REMOVE
Removal of Ticks
It is common that tick diseases may not appear for 7-21 days or longer after a bite, so watch closely for changes in behavior or appetite
Talk to your veterinarian about:
To reduce the chances of further illness:
COMMON ASKED QUESTIONS
Ticks have adapted to the Northeast climate; therefore, they can survive cold temperatures allowing them to survive adverse conditions. Most ticks do survive best in moist, shaded environments, which is why it is very important to always watch for tick infection at any time.
Ticks do not usually burrow under the skin. When ticks feed, they insert only their mouth parts into the skin. No other body parts enter the skin.
Does a tick bite hurt my pet?
Tick bites usually do not hurt when they bite as they generally go unnoticed. Pets can have an allergic reaction to a bite, causing itchiness and or sensitivity at the site of the bite, but this is very rare.
What products should I use fort tick prevention?
Best results and answers to this question arise after discussing with your veterinarian. Because of the many products in the market for tick prevention, your veterinarian is the best option to help guide you to a product that is safe for your pet. Additionally, your veterinarian can provide several different options for pest prevention helping you determine which method works best for you and your pet.
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